ideal egg incubator

Ideal Egg Incubation

As breeders, we are always striving for the perfect hatch- the 100% mark. We know it’s possible, we’ve heard of others who have accomplished this goal, and maybe we have gotten it just right a couple of times ourselves. So why can’t we get 100% hatch 100% of the time? We do everything just exactly the same, expecting the same results, but often we find that is simply not the case. However, although we can’t always be perfect, there are steps we can take to get the best results possible. Let’s look at some common “danger areas” and how we can resolve or avoid them.

When incubating eggs, there are 4 components that determine your ultimate success- egg fertility, incubation temperature, incubation humidity, and egg turning. Finding the perfect blend of these components will ultimately lead you to the best possible success rates.

How do I know if my eggs are fertile?

It all starts with the eggs. No matter how well you manage the other components of your hatch, if you don’t have good, fertile eggs, they simply aren’t going to hatch. Hens will lay eggs regardless of whether or not they have mated with a rooster. If you do not have a rooster in your flock, or your female has not been exposed to a male, then your eggs can not be fertile. If a male has been present and an egg has been produced, it is virtually impossible to tell if the egg is fertile or not until after about 3 days of incubation. At this time you can test your eggs by candling them. You should see red veins beginning to appear throughout the egg, indicating that it is fertile. A non-fertile egg will look exactly the same as it did on day one, clear with the dark yolk being the only visible component. If you are uncertain about an egg, leave it for a day or two more, and if there is no progress by that point, then you can remove it from the incubator as an infertile egg. This will not impact your hatch rate, as it is only determined based on the number of fertile eggs that were placed in the incubator.

Did You Know? An egg can be held for about 7-10 days at low room temperature (65-70 degrees Fahrenheit) prior to incubation without significant risk of permanent damage to the egg. This is important because many breeders don’t have enough eggs laid in a single day to begin incubation, so this allows you to collect eggs for multiple days and set them all at the same time.

How important is temperature to egg incubation?

Egg development will not begin until the egg reaches a temperature of 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Maintaining a consistent temperature will help to ensure that your eggs are all developing at the same rate and will lead to similar hatch times for the eggs. For chickens, this is typically 99-100 degrees Fahrenheit. When using an incubator, you will want to make sure that your incubator is properly configured prior to introducing your eggs. This way you will be able to avoid any issues or address them ahead of time. Once your eggs have been added to the incubator, you will want to monitor temps for the next 12-24 hours as adjustments may need to be made to account for the adjustment in mass inside the incubator. Incubator temperature stays the same throughout incubation and hatching, so once it is set, you should not have to adjust it again unless otherwise directed by the manufacturer’s instructions for your incubator. That doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t continue to monitor it on a daily basis to ensure that your machine is working properly and maintaining correct temps.

Did You Know? The best way to check the temperature in an incubator is by using a probe thermometer and a small cup of water. Place the cup inside the incubator and allow to regulate the temperature- usually a couple of hours is plenty. Use your calibrated probe thermometer to test the temperature of the water. This most closely mimics the mass of your eggs and will tell you want your internal egg temperature is, rather than just measuring the temperature of the air. Adjust your temperature until your water reading is the temperature you want your eggs to be at.

Why should I worry about humidity?

Humidity is the level of moisture in the air. This is important to incubation because it impacts the water being absorbed through the porous shell of the egg. While humidity is important throughout incubation, it is most important during your hatch. Humidity that is too high can cause excess moisture within your eggs, causing your chicks to drown in their shells. Humidity that is too low can make it challenging for the chicks to break through their hard shells. The right level of humidity depends on what type of egg you are incubating. Finding the right level will allow your eggs to be soft enough for your chicks to break through. Resist the urge to open your incubator multiple times throughout the hatching process to check on your progress. This will dry out the eggs and make it more difficult for the remaining chicks to hatch correctly. Many breeders refer to hatching as “lock down” because they do not want to disturb their chicks during this crucial time.

Did You Know? Humidity can be measured using either a digital hygrometer or by using a wet bulb measurement. While wet bulbs have often been considered to be the more accurate of the two, modern technology has made it so that digital hygrometers are more accurate than ever, and are often quite sufficient for measuring humidity within an incubator.

Do I need to turn my eggs and if so, how often?

The main difference between bird and reptile eggs is that while bird eggs require turning, reptile eggs should not be turned. They should be placed in the incubator with the same side up as when you removed them from where they were laid. With birds, it is typically recommended that you would turn them 3-4 times each day. When you turn your eggs, you will want to flip them one direction, and then when you turn them again, flip them back the other direction instead of continuously spinning them the same way. For example, if you turned all of your eggs to the right in the morning, the next time you turn you would flip them all to the left instead of turning them to the right again. The reason for turning eggs is not only to keep the embryo from sticking to the outer shell, but also to move the yoke through the nutrient rich whites of the egg. While human babies receive nutrients from the mother over time, an egg already has all of the nutrients it needs contained within it. By turning the egg, the yolk will move and be exposed to a new area to absorb nutrients from. Turning your eggs is the same as feeding them, so doing it at regular intervals is best. We recommend breakfast, lunch, dinner, and a late night snack before bed. This should only be done for the incubation part of the cycle- you will stop turning your eggs prior to hatching, for chickens this would be day 18.

Did You Know? If you are not available to turn your eggs during the day, you can turn them in the morning, late afternoon/early evening, and then again before bed. Of course, there is a much easier method you could use- an automatic egg turner! Egg turners typically come preset with special motors that have an extremely slow turn cycle, and are designed with the busy breeder in mind. Even if you prefer to hand turn your eggs, having an egg turner can prove to quite literally be a life saver if an emergency were to arise.
By monitoring and maintaining these 4 components of incubation, you are setting yourself up for the best possible hatching rates. Of course, there can still be unforeseen events that can have an impact on your hatch such as bacteria spread, machine malfunction, or even genetic disorders/disease. Incubation and hatching is a learning process, and when dealing with living animals, it can be a real challenge. Don’t get discouraged- if at first you don’t succeed, try and try again. Hope you will find best incubator for your family, you can find it at here

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Surprising Health Benefits of Sleep

Sleep makes you feel better, but its importance goes way beyond just boosting your mood or banishing under-eye circles. Adequate sleep is a key part of a healthy lifestyle, and can benefit your heart, weight, mind, and more.

Go ahead, snooze!

Sleep makes you feel better, but its importance goes way beyond just boosting your mood or banishing under-eye circles.

Adequate sleep is a key part of a healthy lifestyle, and can benefit your heart, weight, mind, and more.

“Sleep used to be kind of ignored, like parking our car in a garage and picking it up in the morning,” says David Rapoport, MD, director of the NYU Sleep Disorders Program.

Not anymore. Here are some health benefits researchers have discovered about a good night’s sleep.

Improve memory

Your mind is surprisingly busy while you snooze. During sleep you can strengthen memories or “practice” skills learned while you were awake (it’s a process called consolidation).

“If you are trying to learn something, whether it’s physical or mental, you learn it to a certain point with practice,” says Dr. Rapoport, who is an associate professor at NYU Langone Medical Center. “But something happens while you sleep that makes you learn it better.”

In other words if you’re trying to learn something new—whether it’s Spanish or a new tennis swing—you’ll perform better after sleeping.

Live longer?

Too much or too little sleep is associated with a shorter lifespan—although it’s not clear if it’s a cause or effect. (Illnesses may affect sleep patterns too.)

In a 2010 study of women ages 50 to 79, more deaths occurred in women who got less than five hours or more than six and a half hours of sleep per night.

Sleep also affects quality of life.

“Many things that we take for granted are affected by sleep,” says Raymonde Jean, MD, director of sleep medicine and associate director of critical care at St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital Center in New York City. “If you sleep better, you can certainly live better. It’s pretty clear.”

Can you like:

  1. Memory Foam vs. Feather Mattress
  2. How to Build a Home Gym: Buying Guide

Curb inflammation

Inflammation is linked to heart disease, stroke, diabetes, arthritis, and premature aging. Research indicates that people who get less sleep—six or fewer hours a night—have higher blood levels of inflammatory proteins than those who get more.

A 2010 study found that C-reactive protein, which is associated with heart attack risk, was higher in people who got six or fewer hours of sleep a night.

People who have sleep apnea or insomnia can have an improvement in blood pressure and inflammation with treatment of the sleep disorders, Dr. Rapoport says.

Spur creativity

Get a good night’s sleep before getting out the easel and paintbrushes or the pen and paper.

In addition to consolidating memories, or making them stronger, your brain appears to reorganize and restructure them, which may result in more creativity as well.

Researchers at Harvard University and Boston College found that people seem to strengthen the emotional components of a memory during sleep, which may help spur the creative process.

Hope with information above, you will find tips good for your healthy. Read more tips make good sleep for healthy click my site Coop Home Goods.

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Memory Foam vs. Feather Mattress

If your mattress is coming toward the end of its life, instead of shelling out on a new one, why not buy a mattress topper instead?

A topper will cost you a fraction of the price, and will breathe new life into the mattress and hopefully give you a better night’s sleep.

There are a couple of factors you’ll need to bear in mind before making a purchase though, one of which is the material.

We’ve taken a look at two of the most popular options, memory foam and feather, to help you make your decision.

Memory Foam

Memory foam is our most popular material for pillows and mattresses, and the same goes for toppers such as the Impress from Silent Night.

Memory foam is a spongy material which softens in reaction to your body heat, allowing it to mould perfectly to the contours of your body, and spring back to its original shape.

Memory foam mattresses are so popular because they are supportive but also comfortable, although this also means they are amongst the more expensive products.

On the other hand, a memory foam mattress topper can give you the benefits of a mattress, but at a much lower cost.


  • The unique properties of memory foam allow you to literally sink into it for optimum comfort, but it also provides ample support.
  • This support can be a great help to those who suffer from neck or back pain, and can help prevent it in those who don’t.
  • A benefit of memory foam that many people overlook is that due to its lack of springs it’s also very quiet. Perfect if your partner keeps you awake tossing and turning.
  • We stock a range of different thicknesses so you can have one as firm or as comfy as you like.
  • Memory foam lasts a lot longer than other materials, and so you shouldn’t need to replace one for a while.


  • Any memory foam product needs to be aired for a couple of days before use. The chemicals used can emit a pretty unpleasant odour at first!
  • They can get quite warm as they hold in your body heat, so if you find you have a problem being too warm at night, you may want something a little more breathable.

Goose/Duck Feather

If you want a slightly more comfortable and luxurious mattress topper, why not try out one filled with goose or duck feather such as this one from Rest Assured?

These toppers are super soft and comfy, although they don’t quite offer the firmness and support of memory foam.


  • The softness and comfort of a feather topper is unparalleled.
  • They are also very durable and should last you a couple of years.
  • The softness should let you sink into mattress and stop you moving around while you sleep.
  • Unlike the memory foam options, the natural filling allows feather toppers to regulate their temperature, keeping you warm during winter and staying cool during summer.


  • If you suffer from aches and pains, a feather topper isn’t going to give you the firm support that you need.
  • You may find that the individual feathers start to poke through the topper, although this shouldn’t be a problem if you buy a good quality one!
  • As with all feather products you may need to fluff them up every now and then if they get out of shape!

Which mattress topper is right for you depends on your own personal preferences and needs.

If you suffer from any form of neck or back pain, we’d definitely recommend memory foam.

But if you’re after a slightly more luxurious and softer option, goose or duck feather may be the way to go.

Check out at here with our full range for even more options !

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how to choose best home equipment

How to Build a Home Gym: Buying Guide

I trained 5 years in a commercial gym. Then I bought gym equipment and built a home gym in my parent’s garage. And although home gyms have drawbacks, this was one of my best decisions ever. This post will teach you everything about how to build a home gym. Benefits & drawbacks, what gym equipment you should buy and where, and how much it will cost you to build your home gym.

how to choose best home equipment

Benefits of Home Gyms

Some build home gyms because they’re intimidated by bigger guys in commercial gyms or because gym people training wrong stresses them. Get over both. Here are real benefits of home gyms.

  • Time-efficient. No more waiting for the Power Rack to get free. No more driving back & forth to the gym several times a week.
  • Cuts Expenses. No more gym membership fee. You get your investment back within 2-3 years. Gym equipment doesn’t lose value, so if you ever quit you can always sell it on Craiglist or eBay.
  • Freedom. Gyms often have no Power Racks and forbid Deadlifts & chalk. Home gyms allow you to train how and when you want.

Drawbacks of Home Gyms

Unless you invite friends, you’ll be training alone in your home gym. While this builds character it has drawbacks.

  • Self-discipline. You have nobody to motivate you during heavy sets or to drag you to the gym when you don’t feel like training.
  • No Spotter. Nobody to spot you during a heavy Squat or Bench Press. Nobody to hand out the weight on the Bench Press.
  • Need Space. The deal-breaker for most people. You need enough space for your Power Rack, bench, barbell & plates to fit in.

Home Gym Space

Most people build their home gym in their basement or garage. Here’s how much space you need:

  • Width x Depth. 108 square feet (10m²). Space for your Power Rack and to Deadlift outside of it. If you don’t have this space: at least 6’/3m to give your bar clearance, Deadlift inside your rack.
  • Height. High enough so your Power Rack fits. Your length + 3 feet (1m) so you can Overhead Press without the barbell hitting the ceiling. If you don’t have this space: press outside or seated.

Home Gym Flooring

Point is to protect your floor and reduce the noise from the barbell hitting the floor during exercises like Deadlifts.

  • Plywood. 2-3 layers plywood. Optional heavy carpet on top. Make sure the carpet is hard (not compressible) and doesn’t slip around.
  • Rubber Mats. Get two rubber mats to protect your floor when you Deadlift and Barbell Row.


Quality barbells are safer & feel better. Don’t be cheap on this. Here’s what to look for when choosing a bar for your home gym:

  • Strong. Never bends, handles up to 1000lbs/450kg, 45lbs/20kg weight, 7ft/2m20 length, 2″/50mm sleeves, 28mm grip, center knurling, …
  • Revolving Sleeves. Fixed bars are harder on your grip, meaning less weight. And they makes olympic lifts impossible. Get revolving sleeves.
  • Collars. Barbells usually come with spring collars. They’re fine, although many StrongLifts Members prefer Muscle Clamps.


You need one to Bench Press. You don’t need a Bench with uprights supports like this one. Get a regular Bench and put it inside your Power Rack.

  • Width. The bench shouldn’t be too wide so it doesn’t get in the way of your arms & shoulders in the bottom position.
  • Sturdy. Handles weights of 440lbs/200kg and doesn’t tip back when you rack a heavy weight into the uprights.
  • Flat. You can get an adjustable bench too if you want more versatility in the future. However a flat bench will do too.
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Latex or Memory Foam: Which is the Best Mattress?

Memory foam and latex both have made reputation as being the best in the market, but which is the best mattress? There are several factors that might indicate that one is better than the other, but the truth is that each offers a set of pros and cons that make them both terrific mattress options in their own way. Keep reading to see how memory foam and latex differ, and how to tell which might be the best mattress for you.

Latex Mattresses



  • This type of mattress has been around for some years now. In fact, they have been available since the mid 1950’s and they are considered to be one of the healthiest mattresses you can buy simply because latex is a natural substance that comes from the rubber tree.
  • Latex mattresses are also incredibly durable. In fact some models will last as many as 15 years or more, and again this is because of the material used.
  • If you prefer a firmer mattress, latex might be the answer because although it will conform to your body’s natural curves, it won’t give you that “sinking” feeling that memory foam does.
  • A mattress that contains (or is made of) latex will generally not give that “off gas” odor when it’s new.
  • Heat is less likely to be an issue with a mattress like this although you may find it produces more heat than a traditional spring mattress.


  • Pure latex is very expensive. In fact, if you want the very best and most natural latex mattress, expect to pay thousands for it.
  • If you’re worried about your carbon footprint, be very careful when choosing a latex mattress. Some manufacturers are not very good at telling you exactly how much has been used. Where a combination of materials is used, expect to find more in the way of synthetics which negates the whole “eco-friendly” reputation.
  • Don’t expect to walk into your local bed store and immediately find a latex mattress. The reason for this is because the material comes from a natural source, it’s not that widely available (another reason why they’re also expensive).
  • If you suffer from severe aches and pains when you sleep, a latex mattress might not be the right choice because they’re not designed with this type of support as a priority.

Foam Mattresses



  • There are a wide range of memory foam mattresses available on the market, and more choice means it’s easier for all types of people to find the right one for them.
  • You don’t have to spend an inordinate amount of money in order to get decent quality because the technology used is widely available thereby making it cheaper.
  • If you prefer a more plush type mattress, memory foam is probably better because they’re designed to cradle your body while you sleep. Some have even been designed with this in mind. For instance, you can take a look at the Ultimate Dreams 13″ Gel Memory Foam Mattress (see here) which is perfect for those nighttime aches and pains.
  • If you’re constantly woken up in the night because your partner is an “active” sleeper, most memory foam mattresses will eliminate this problem because of the way they’re designed.
  • Memory foam will conform to your natural shape much more efficiently than latex which helps to support the major pressure points over your body.


  • Foam mattresses are constructed from synthetic materials. However, these days’ manufacturers are careful to make sure this is not a danger to your health. Just be sure to look out for the CertiPUR-US certificate.
  • If you tend to feel warm when you sleep, a foam mattress won’t help (although there are models on the market that use various airflow technologies and some even include layers of gel to help keep you cool. The Ultimate Dreams model I mentioned above is a good example of this).
  • Expect to get anything from a slight to fairly strong odor when you first buy a foam mattress. This is because it has to expand into the right shape and certain harmless gases need to escape.
  • A memory foam mattress probably won’t last as long as latex but again, there are models that offer 20 year limited warranties.
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memory foam pillow

Why a Buckwheat Pillow is Better than Memory Foam?

Contour pillows made of synthetic foam are not adjustable enough to accomodate every body shape and every sleeping position. This is just one of several reasons why you should consider sleeping on a buckwheat pillow – the best contour pillow.

About Contour Pillows

“Contour pillows” or support pillows are orthopedic pillows designed to keep your neck and spine in alignment while providing comfort and healthy rest to the user. These pillows are typically made of synthetic foam, and more recently memory foam has become popular. Memory foam pillows are made of a heat-sensitive foam which accquires the shape of the body sleeping on it.

Contour pillows can be effective at promoting comfort and restful sleep. There have been many claims of them providing relief from various medical conditions including neck pain, sleep apena, snoring, lower back pain, and insomnia among many others. While contour pillows can be comfortable, synthetic foam pillows do come with some disadvantages compared to a pillow filled with buckwheat hulls.

Foam Contour Pillows Are Not Adjustable

memory foam pillow

One of the biggest problems with foam and memory foam pillows is that they come in a predefined geometric shape. Foam will collapse and conform to you head somewhat, but it cannot be shaped, plumped or molded to support a wide variety of sleeping positions. Many people change positions throughout the night and a preformed foam pillow is not shaped optimally for many of these positions. With foam pillows you typically can not adjust the pillow thickness. Depending on your body shape, the firmness of your mattress and your sleeping positions, the foam pillow may be too thick or too thin for maximum comfort and health.

High-quality buckwheat pillows generally have a zipper, which allows adjustment in the amount of fill in the pillow. This allows the thickness of the pillow to be customized for maximum comfort. A buckwheat pillow can then be shaped to a range of shapes and sizes as you sleep to provide superior support and comfort.

Buckwheat Pillows Are Breathable

buckwheat pillow

The irregular hollow shape of buckwheat hulls creates airspace within your pillow providing air circulation and breathability. This results in a cool, dry pillow, for that “cool side of the pillow” effect all night long.

Buckwheat Pillows Are Made from Natural Renewable Materials

Synthetic foams are often made with petroleum products and other harsh manufacturing chemicals. This may include chemicals you’d rather not rest your head on for 8 hours every night. Foam contour pillows are typically not biodegradable and certainly not compostable. Buckwheat pillows are the ultimate natural contour pillow. For more information, see our post addressing the question of memory foam toxicity: That Memory Foam Smell.

Buckwheat Pillows Have the Highest Satisfaction Rating

The natural adjustable comfort of a buckwheat pillow makes for the best contour pillow. According to an independent study based on over 13,000 customer experiences, buckwheat pillows have a higher customer satisfaction rating than memory foam pillows. Many people do not give their choice of pillow a second thought and they are likely missing out on better rest. You can read our buckwheat pillow reviews for an idea of how much people like their buckwheat pillows.

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